2. Provide the standard quotes from Ed Bearss and Ervin Jordan even though Bearss never did serious research on the subject and Jordan’s study does not draw broad conclusions about the loyalty and service of black southerners across the Confederacy.
3. Include incoherent/meaningless thoughts by black “historian”:
“Roland Young says that “he is not surprised that blacks fought … some, if not most, would support their country, and that by doing so they were demonstrating that it was possible to hate the system of slavery and love one’s country.””
4.Remind readers that Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation only freed slaves in areas that were not under direct military control as of January 1, 1863, as if this has anything to do with the question at hand.
5. Reach for moral parity by suggesting that Ulysses S. Grant owned slaves. Oh..and throw in that wonderful quote from Frederick to Douglas to Lincoln suggesting that unless he freed the slaves they will fight for the Confederacy.
6. Drive your point home by including names of black men who received a pension from the state of Tennessee.
7. Top it off with a conclusion that implies that the author has done something to bring us closer to uncovering a long lost story:
Blacks fought for the very same reason as whites – to defend their homes and their families. Historical data can sometimes be a matter of
interpretation and the facts can sometimes contradict themselves. But, one must remember that day and time and judge it accordingly, for a man of the 19th century should not be compared to a man of today’s world and evaluated by current standards. Regardless of how black Southerners participated, whether voluntary or involuntary, one thing is certain: the thousands of slaves and free persons of color in the South are the most forgotten group of the Civil War. They, too, should be remembered for the suffering, sacrifices and contributions they made.
Actually, we have a great deal of information about tens of thousands of black southerners who fought with the army – the Union army that is.
Note: Joseph Glatthaar’s General Lee’s Army: From Victory to Collapse is scheduled for release in March and supposedly analyzes the role of blacks in Lee’s army. I should be receiving a review copy in about a week or two.