Getting to Know the Army of Tennessee
My knowledge of the Confederate army is confined mainly to the Army of Northern Virginia. As I sketch out my cultural biography of Silas Chandler, however, I am running into my limited understanding of the Army of Tennessee. Silas’s master, Andrew Chandler, served in Co. F of the 44th Mississippi Infantry up to the battle of Chickamauga in 1863. He then served Andrew’s brother in the 9th Mississippi Cavalry Regiment, which accompanied Jefferson Davis after he abandoned Richmond in April 1865. That’s another story.
Silas and Andrew were together for some of the major battles such as Shiloh in which the latter was taken prisoner and Chickamauga, where Andrew was wounded. According to stories Silas supposedly convinced a doctor in Atlanta not to amputate his owner’s leg and used coins stitched in his jacket to pay for passage for the two to return home to Mississippi.
Here is where you come in. I would love your recommendations on secondary sources on the Army of Tennessee, specifically on the social dimensions of the army and their views on slavery and race. I’ve read Larry Daniel’s Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee: A Portrait of Life in a Confederate Army, which is helpful, but he includes next to nothing on slavery. I would love to find something along the lines of what Joseph Glatthaar does for the Army of Northern Virginia in General Lee’s Army: From Victory to Collapse and Soldiering in the Army of Northern Virginia: A Statistical Portrait of the Troops Who Served under Robert E. Lee. In addition, I am also looking for campaign/battle histories that include references to the 44th Mississippi specifically.
Officers and camp servant of Company H (Independent Volunteers) of the 57th Georgia Regiment, Army of Tennessee, 1863.
Finally, I am also very interested in published or archival sources (letters and/or diaries) from soldiers in the Army of Tennessee that comment on camp servants and other slaves present in the army. I have plenty of such accounts from men who served in the Army of Northern Virginia to help fill out the picture of the many roles that camp servants played, but I am curious as to whether there there any differences between the two armies. One thing that comes to mind is that Union armies penetrated much further south earlier in the war and came into contact with much larger slave populations compared with the Army of the Potomac. To what extent, if at all, was Confederate policy on the use of slaves in the army shaped by this fact?
One particularly helpful book is Scott Walker’s history of the 57th Georgia, Hell’s Broke Loose in Georgia: Survival in a Civil War Regiment. What else do I need to read? Thanks in advance for your assistance.