The Internet can be a wonderful source for reliable and important information on historical subjects. It can also be, and often is, a source for misleading and damaging information about the past. There is no better example of this than the divisive topic of “black Confederates.” Misinformation abounds on sites organized by individual SCV chapters as well as private individuals. There is no quality assurance mechanism and a search engine’s ranking algorithm has nothing to do with veracity. In the case of black Confederates the problem is not simply that the information is unreliable, but that it is easy for it to spread, which in turn compounds the problem. A quick tour of black Confederate websites reveals that many of these narratives or snippets of evidence are cut and pasted from one website to another.
Not only are the many poorly-constructed narratives filtered around without any attempt at analysis, but individual historians have also fallen victim to this practice. I’ve already mentioned the case of Ed Bearrs, who has regularly been singled out as a historian who has acknowledged the existence of these men. Even worse, he has been quoted over and over as having implied some kind of conspiracy to keep these stories under wraps. There is no evidence that he has ever said such a thing and I’ve learned through reliable sources that he has denied ever suggesting it.
Hope everyone is having a pleasant Memorial Day and has spent a little time in thought about why we set aside this day. President Obama decided to spend Memorial Day at the Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery in Illinois. In the spirit of acknowledging sacred sites beyond Arlington National Cemetery here is a news article and video about the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in California. Both the article and video feature UCLA historian, Joan Waugh, whose book on Grant and historical memory is a must read. Enjoy.
Virginia Governor Robert McDonnell will mark Memorial Day with an address at the Fredericksburg National Cemetery, which contains the graves of roughly 15,000 Union soldiers. Over at Mysteries and Conundrums, John Hennessy offers a brief history of the earliest Memorial Day observances, which were organized by the town’s African Americans. This continued until the early 1880s when Confederate veterans accepted an invitation to take part with the stipulation that African Americans be excluded.
It’s worth asking, in light of April’s controversial Confederate History Month declaration, why the governor has chosen to mark this important day in a Union cemetery. I am curious as to what he will say. In fact, I think I may attend. What do you think?
This year I was honored to have been asked by the Class of 2010 to deliver the final chapel sermon on the day of graduation. I can’t say that this was the easiest talk I’ve had to prepare, but I am fairly pleased with the final result. The best advice I received was to write a sermon that I would have wanted to hear at my graduation.
I want to begin by thanking the Class of 2010 for this honor. After having to listen to me in the classroom as well as other settings for the past four years I have to say that I am pleasantly surprised that you’ve chosen to give me one more opportunity to speak with you. I hope my brief remarks prove worthy of your trust even if they stray a bit from the standard graduation day talk.
As I struggled to find a way to begin I kept coming back to that final scene in the movie, “Cast Away.” As many of you know the movie tells the story of Chuck Noland (played by Tom Hanks), who ends up stranded on a deserted island for 4 years after his FedEx plane crashes in the ocean. The movie follows Noland as he learns to survive both physically and psychologically on the island as well as his eventual reintegration into modern society. My favorite scene in the movie comes at the very end after Noland delivers one of the packages that washed up on shore and perhaps served as a continual reminder of a life and career that he hoped one day to return to. In that final scene Noland stands at the crossroads not knowing which way to go, but with the complete freedom to choose. The camera moves in and Noland, who stares back, confronts the viewer. It’s Noland’s expression, which I think is worth considering for a moment. It may be tempting simply to speculate about the choice that he will make or perhaps the choice that we hope he will make. However, the more I consider it the more I am convinced that his little smirk is meant for us. In other words, I believe that the audience is the focus of that particular moment and not Noland.
So, what might Noland be asking of us? Perhaps he is challenging the viewer to step back and reflect on her own life. What questions did we ask and what decisions did we make when standing at the crossroads? There may be a certain amount of anxiety for those of us looking back on our lives when confronted by such a challenge, but for those of you who sit in these seats for the final time with a bright-eyed optimism for the future I sometimes wonder whether you have the tough questions at hand for just these moments.
From Wikipedia: Set during the American Civil War, “Rebel Love follows a Yankee war widow who takes an injured Confederate spy into her home out of pity, only to find herself falling in love with him. The film was a finalist in the 1985 USA Film Festival in Dallas. Despite a modest theatrical run, Rebel Love enjoyed a cable release on Showtime and was later distributed on video by Vestron.
All I know is I laughed my ass off! Apparently, this movie fell through the cracks. I couldn’t find it in Gary Gallagher’s recent survey of Civil War movies.
The other day I posted tweet no. 3,000 and thought I might take a few minutes to talk about what I find so valuable about this particular tool. Twitter is by far my favorite social networking site. While I use Facebook to stay in touch with friends, and it’s a place where I can have some fun, I use Twitter overwhelmingly for professional purposes. Admittedly, it is not easy to get started on Twitter. In fact, it’s downright counter-intuitive. Why exactly do I only get 140 characters to work with and what the hell am I supposed to say? Probably like most people I initially set up my account, posted a few tweets and then forgot about it for a time.
Like I said, getting started can be frustrating, but let me suggest why it may be worth it. The first thing you need to do is understand is why you are using it. Twitter is much more than simply responding to the question: “What’s Happening?” I use it primarily to share information related to historical research, the teaching of history, and other online sites that I come across that others may find interesting. It’s one of the most efficient ways I’ve found to share information that matters to me with individuals who have similar interests. Who, are these folks that I am sharing information with? Well, they are people that have chosen to “Follow” my Twitter stream. I, in turn, follow folks who are posting information that I find relevant. As of the date of this post I am following 153 fellow tweeters and there are currently 424 individuals who follow my stream. There is a practice or courtesy – sometimes referred to as “Reciprocal Following – that essentially returns the favor in response to the addition of a new member of your community. As you can see I do not make this a practice. I am very conscious of maintaining a Twitter stream that contains information that I find valuable. The more attention you give to who you follow determines the quality of information you receive and how much you get out of the overall experience. What it comes down to is that I now have an additional 153 pairs of eyes that I can count on to share quality information with me, information that I probably would never have come across on my own. Once that tweet (usually including a hyperlink) comes across my stream I can do any number of things with it, including “Retweeting” it for my readers, emailing it to a friend, saving it to my Delicious Bookmarks, etc. Finally, I enjoy the short conversations on Twitter. The character limit forces users to keep it brief and to the point. That said, I am continually amazed at the quality of the dialog that is possible with the various shortcuts that you will learn in a brief period of time.