On October 26 from 7-9:00pm I will be taking part in a forum sponsored by the Brunswick County Committee of the Virginia Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War. The event will take place at the Southside Virginia Community College, Workforce Development Center in Alberta, Virginia and will be organized into two sections. A short segment will begin with a welcome from Marc Finney, Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, followed by Cheryl Jackson will give a brief overview of the state commission and the commemoration. Senator Ruff and Delegate Tyler will make brief comments on the importance of the commemoration. Charlette T. Woolridge, County Administrator will then talk about the county committee. The second part of the evening will feature a roundtable that includes yours truly, Waite Rawls of the Museum of the Confederacy and Christie Coleman from the National Civil War Museum at Tredegar. Professor Stephen Walker will serve as moderator. A large crowd is expected and the entire program will be videotaped by the college. Continue reading “Upcoming Talks”
A great way to introduce students to the subject of historical memory is to discuss the recent controversy surrounding Confederate History Month here in Virginia. Ideally, such a lesson would come at the conclusion of a unit on the Civil War, which would allow students to reference previous class discussions as well as any documents that were interpreted. I was already in the process of putting together a little lesson plan for a TAH workshop that I am taking part in next week when I came across a teacher who had already organized just such a lesson.
Hopefully, the class will have integrated documents that give voice to a wide range of perspectives from the Civil War Era, which must serve as a foundation for any understanding of a proclamation about this event. I plan on providing my teachers with copies of the Governor McDonnell’s original proclamation:
Confederate History Month Proclamation
WHEREAS, April is the month in which the people of Virginia joined the Confederate States of America in a four year war between the states for independence that concluded at Appomattox Courthouse; and
WHEREAS, Virginia has long recognized her Confederate history, the numerous civil war battlefields that mark every region of the state, the leaders and individuals in the Army, Navy and at home who fought for their homes and communities and Commonwealth in a time very different than ours today; and
WHEREAS, it is important for all Virginians to reflect upon our Commonwealth’s shared history, to understand the sacrifices of the Confederate leaders, soldiers and citizens during the period of the Civil War, and to recognize how our history has led to our present; and
WHEREAS, Confederate historical sites such as the White House of the Confederacy are open for people to visit in Richmond today; and
WHEREAS, all Virginians can appreciate the fact that when ultimately overwhelmed by the insurmountable numbers and resources of the Union Army, the surviving, imprisoned and injured Confederate soldiers gave their word and allegiance to the United States of America, and returned to their homes and families to rebuild their communities in peace, following the instruction of General Robert E. Lee of Virginia, who wrote that, “…all should unite in honest efforts to obliterate the effects of war and to restore the blessings of peace.”; and
WHEREAS, this defining chapter in Virginia’s history should not be forgotten, but instead should be studied, understood and remembered by all Virginians, both in the context of the time in which it took place, but also in the context of the time in which we live, and this study and remembrance takes on particular importance as the Commonwealth prepares to welcome the nation and the world to visit Virginia for the Sesquicentennial Anniversary of the Civil War, a four-year period in which the exploration of our history can benefit all;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Robert McDonnell, do hereby recognize April 2010 as CONFEDERATE HISTORY MONTH in our COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, and I call this observance to the attention of all our citizens.
as well as the revised version and finally his most recent statement issued at the recent conference on race and slavery at Norfolk. I am hoping to engage the workshop’s participants in a discussion about how they can use these documents in the classroom. A quick online search will bring up a wide range of commentary. I plan on using some video from YouTube as well as the recent issue of CWTs that included a number of brief responses by historians and bloggers.
The lesson should impress students with the extent to which Americans are still divided over the scope of the Civil War as well as its outcome and meaning. More importantly, it raises a number of important questions that students can consider and debate:
- What, if anything, should we expect of our public officials when it comes to issuing proclamations about the past? Do we need such statements and, if so, why?
- What did McDonnell’s original proclamation reflect about his particular and/or what he believed important for Virginians to remember?
- Did the governor’s original proclamation accurately reflect the material covered in class on the Civil War here in Virginia?
- Were the criticisms of the governor justified? If so, why? Were those who supported the governor’s original proclamation justified? If so, why?
- Was the governor’s revised proclamation an improvement?
- What does the governor’s most recent statement reflect about the evolution of his own thinking on how the Civil War ought to be remembered and commemorated?
Finally, students will write their own Civil War proclamation. In addition to the formal statement students should be asked to reflect on specific references made in their proclamation. References to specific events, individuals, and concepts must be explained. Finally, students should reflect on the intended consequences of their proclamation. I need to work on this a bit more, but you get the idea. Most of the students who are currently taking my Civil War course will also be in my second trimester course on Civil War memory. This will be their first assignment and I promise to let you know how it goes and I may even try to share some of their work.
Update: Check out Andy Hall’s thoughtful analysis of the DeWitt-Weeks book over at Dead Confederates.
I am a high school history teacher, who spends a great deal of time reviewing classroom materials for their historical merit. For what it’s worth my judgments are based on a solid education and years of reading the best in historical scholarship on the history of slavery, the South, and the American Civil War. I point this out given Ann DeWitt’s latest response [scroll down] to my continued postings on her flawed historical fiction for children, titled, Entangled in Freedom:
Imagine writing a novel for young adults which (1) espouses the sanctity of marriage, (2) does not contain profanity, (3) promotes earning ones way in America, (4) advocates true friendship, (5) demonstrates the positive progression of America over the last 150 years, and (6) highlights the strength of the family unit; yet, the novel is dubbed “nonsense” by a recognized Virginia Civil War journalist and historian.
The above six principles the family narratives of Ann DeWitt. I have no 19th century written documentation of these six family values because they were passed down to me verbally by my ancestors. I do not secretly hide them but proudly share them with the world. As parents and/or readers, would you ban such a book from the shelves of bookstores, civil war & history museums, and libraries across America? Google key words: entangled in freedom. Witness a literary ban about the subject of Black Confederate Soldiers happening right before our eyes—in the open—on the internet.
Let’s be clear that no one is trying to “ban” Ms. Dewitt’s and Mr. Weeks’s book. I am simply using this blog to point out the shortcomings of this children’s book. Whatever the virtues of this book may be, it does not trump the fact that neither author has any understanding of the history of slavery, race relations, and the role of African Americans in the Confederate army. The bibliography in this book clearly reflects a lack of serious research into their subject. I would go as far as to suggest that this book is dangerous and irresponsible and if this blog can help in preventing impressionable young minds from being exposed to it, so be it.
Next month I will be taking part in another Teaching American History Grant workshop in Virginia Beach with Fitzhugh Brundage of the University of North Carolina. The subject is the Civil War and historical memory. I am putting together a couple of lesson plan outlines for the teachers and in doing so I came across this wonderful video that I posted a few years back. It’s worth airing again for those of you who are relatively new to the blog. Enjoy.
It’s a dismal and rainy day here in central Virginia and one that begs for a late afternoon nap. But before I do so I took a quick tour of the blogosphere and came across a wonderful dialog over at Richard Williams’s site. Richard goes after another one of those dangerous leftist academics who refuses to acknowledge America’s exceptional place on the world stage. The post is the standard nonsensical and meaningless complaint, but it’s the comments section that is truly entertaining. A reader by the name of Vince engages Richard with a number of very reasonable questions that he fails to satisfactorily address. Enjoy:
Vince: I might have missed it somewhere, but could you give me a precise definition of “American Exceptionalism”? I’m having a hard time of sorting it out in my mind. Yes, the United States is different from the rest of the world in many ways. And yes we’ve tackled the problems of society better than everyone else in many ways and worse than others in some ways. What exactly are people arguing about?
Williams: Hello Vince. Loosely defined . . . the notion that the United States holds a special and unique place in world history in regards to freedom, liberty, wealth, power, moral principles, the rule of law, and opportunity. Each of those points could be broken down into greater detail, but I believe that is a basic definition. It is primarily those on the left who are “arguing” or, more accurately, opposing or denying AE.
Vince: Thanks, Richard. Could you explain what “holds a special and unique place in world history” means, or what its practical implications are? Is this a policy question? Or a historical question? Reading the linked article, I was unclear how a lot of those paragraphs connected to one another. Historian A looks at WWII and sees US positives. Historian B looks at imperial wars and sees US negatives. Historian C looks at what makes the US unique and finds European roots. (A question to the author of the HNN article:) Is the idea that the US has done some things well and some things poorly too complicated for a history textbook?
Williams: Vince – is this a rhetorical question? That the US “holds a special and unique place in world history” is a given in my world. Practical implications? Patriotism, gratefulness, responsibility, stewardship all come to mind. Policy question? Policy should project the practical. Obviously something not being done now. A historical question? No, a historical fact. “Is the idea that the US has done some things well and some things poorly too complicated for a history textbook?” It shouldn’t be. We live in an imperfect world. Only Progressives seem to believe in utopia.
Vince: I’m not sure I understand then your problems with the historians mentioned in the article. Let’s take Eric Foner. He asserts “some strains” of how Americans perceive themselves (i.e., some versions of American Exceptionalism) have directly led to serious policy mistakes in “interventions abroad.” (I assume Vietnam, post-invasion Iraq, etc.) This seems like a pretty basic historical critique supported by research. Then, he suggests an American self-perception doused with American Exceptionalism could be detrimental to Americans who live in a more globalized world. That seems pretty obvious to me, too. Think of all the companies that took way too long to wake up to the reality of international competition. (I’m currently sitting in a grad student office in a business school of a prestigious university with the student composition: four from China, three from Turkey, one from Brazil, one from India, one from Iran, and two Americans.) So, how do you connect what Foner is saying with self-loathing?
Williams: I’m not sure I understand your problems with AE and the need to defend Foner’s known leftist bias. Most of the “globalization” to which you refer is only possible due to AE and the free market that unchained the creative and entrepreneurial spirit of Americans. I’m assuming a certain level of knowledge with those reading here. I’m confident you have that knowledge. No one would argue that AE can’t and hasn’t been taken to extremes in some cases. For the sake of this discussion, there is no need to point out the obvious. The article is discussing the issue in broad terms. Its not a thesis. I believe the tone of Foner’s comments are as much to provide cover for his more radical opinions than anything else. His opposition to AE is much deeper than he’s letting on in this quote.
Vince: I guess the point I’m getting to is that this question of American Exceptionalism from the Fox News article seems to be framed in such a way to complete[ly] avoid any meaningful debate but allow people to say whatever they want. It’d be like asking whether Technology is good or bad…you’d get nowhere. I myself very much prefer precisely defined historical or policy questions whose possible answers can be compared to one another and tested using primary sources and data. Asserting something based on the tone of comments of on an online article seems a little unconvincing to me. For example, it would help me to see something more substantive/specific in Foner’s writings…perhaps something in the introduction to one of his books? (I actually don’t know anything about Eric Foner other than that he wrote a supposedly good book on Reconstruction which I haven’t read.) Seeing a discussion played out that way would better help me figure out what’s really going on.
Williams: Vince – one of Foner’s earlier books (and I believe that is the one) is actually quite good. But if you delve more into his more recent writings and comments, his leftist bias becomes clearer. “In the course of the past twenty years, American history has been remade. Inspired initially by the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s – which shattered the ‘consensus’ vision that had dominated historical writing – and influenced by new methods borrowed from other disciplines, American historians redefined the very nature of historical study.” – Eric Foner