The View From Charleston’s John C. Calhoun Monument

Today I am blogging from Charleston, South Carolina, where I am working with students at Ashley Hall. Today I took part in a student-led discussion about four readings that deal with the ongoing controversy here about the John Calhoun monument and Confederate monuments.

Talking about monuments in a place like Charleston presents its own unique challenges. The city’s commemorative landscape is a shrine to the Confederacy. But there is more to this story than just monuments. It is the place where the Civil War began. Tourism here thrives on a Lost Cause narrative. And finally it is the place where the murder of nine innocent churchgoers sparked this most current debate about Confederate iconography.

You can’t walk the streets downtown without constantly being reminded that this is a city that slaves made.

With that in mind I have to say that this student discussion was one of the best that I have ever witnessed. I am even more convinced that community’s across the country, dealing with these tough issues, would do well to engage their student population.

Tomorrow I will address the student body followed by a Q&A with the students from today. This afternoon I took a long walk through the city that took me to Marion Square, where the Calhoun monument is located. The mayor organized a committee to revise the panel text that will hopefully result in a panel that is more informative. As you might imagine, this has been a rocky road.

John C. Calhoun Monument

But as I walked through the square I was reminded that any interpretation of the monument must consider the surrounding landscape. The monument is within eyesight of multiple church spires, where congregations were taught that God approved of slavery and that it was part of a natural order that placed whites in the position of guardians for the purposes of civilizing the black race through the introduction of Christianity.

Marion Park, Charleston, SC

Behind the monument is the Citadel, which was constructed following the failed slave rebellion led by Denmark Vesey to prevent future insurrections. In one small space you have a monument to a man who provided the intellectual foundation for the pro-slavery argument, churches that imparted a religious justification and an institution that enforced it when necessary.

And then there is Vesey himself. For years local groups attempted to convince The Washington Light Infantry and Sumter Guards, who own Marion Square, to allow for the dedication of a statue to Vesey near the Calhoun monument. They refused and the Vesey statue was eventually dedicated in nearby Hampton Park.

No statue to the leader of a failed slave rebellion and the victims of slavery, but the owners did approve of a memorial to the victims of the Holocaust, which I find very curious.

Holocaust Memorial in Marion Park

Charlestonians didn’t think twice about erecting a memorial for the victims of a crime against humanity committed in Europe, but they are unwilling to recognize in the city’s most prominent public space our own crime against humanity.

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5 comments… add one
  • Rob Wilson Nov 7, 2017 @ 15:02

    Interesting post and it must be a very interesting experience working with young students at Ashley Hall around issues related to Civil War history and Civil War memory in a city whose history is so tied to the heritage of slavery and the CSA. Speaking of Confederate monuments, were you aware that the monument at Fort Warren in Boston was moved to the Mass. state archives on Oct. 25? There was no media coverage of the event that I saw, so its unlikely you read about it. I found out in a call to the Historical Commission.

    • Kevin Levin Nov 7, 2017 @ 15:25

      It has been a wonderful visit. I was aware that the marker was going to be removed to the state archives. I wish it could be interpreted by the NPS at Fort Warren

      • Rob Wilson Nov 7, 2017 @ 17:33

        I too feel it was an education opportunity lost to just yank it and not offer interpretation.

  • Robert Nov 6, 2017 @ 21:42

    Glad to read you’re enjoying Ashley Hall. My wife teaches there. As you’re seeing first hand, it’s a great school, w/ great kids. I’m a regular reader of your blog and your posts elsewhere (Crossroads) so I wanted to share this timely piece from our local paper:

    Or seen this doc.from ’01 that has more than a few of our state level politicos (including current College of Charleston President Glen McConnell) and SCV memebers weighing in on the meaning of the flag and the contributions black Confederates (“hundreds of thousands of them”) made in the hopes of keeping themselves subjugated? Its a well done thoughtfully and locally produced doc. that’s worth the hour.

    Enjoy rest of your stay.

    • Kevin Levin Nov 7, 2017 @ 2:23

      Hi Robert,

      Thanks for the links I am thoroughly enjoying my time here.

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